1. Family support
    Family life provides high levels of love and support.
  2. Positive family communication
    Young person and her or his parent(s) communicate positively, and young person is willing to seek advice and counsel from parents.
  3. Other adult relationships
    Young person receives support from three or more nonparent adults.
  4. Caring neighborhood
    Young person experiences caring neighbors.
  5. Caring school climate
    School provides a caring, encouraging environment.
  6. Parent involvement in schooling
    Parent(s) are actively involved in helping young person succeed in school.
  7. Empowerment

  8. Community values youth
    Young person perceives that adults in the community value youth.
  9. Youth as resources
    Young people are given useful roles in the community.
  10. Service to others
    Young person serves in the community one hour or more per week.
  11. Safety
    Young person feels safe at home, school, and in the neighborhood.
  12. Boundaries & Expectations

  13. Family boundaries
    Family has clear rules and consequences and monitors the young person’s whereabouts.
  14. School Boundaries
    School provides clear rules and consequences.
  15. Neighborhood boundaries
    Neighbors take responsibility for monitoring young people’s behavior.
  16. Adult role models
    Parent(s) and other adults model positive, responsible behavior.
  17. Positive peer relationships
    Young person’s best friends model responsible behavior.
  18. High expectations
    Both parent(s) and teachers encourage the young person to do well.
  19. Constructive Use of Time

  20. Creative activities
    Young person spends three or more hours per week in lessons or practice in music, theater, or other arts.
  21. Youth programs
    Young person spends three or more hours per week in sports, clubs, or organizations at school and/or in the community.
  22. Religious community
    Young person spends one or more hours per week in activities in a religious institution.
  23. Time at home
    Young person is out with friends “with nothing special to do” two or fewer nights per week.

    Commitment to Learning

  25. Achievement Motivation
    Young person is motivated to do well in school.
  26. School Engagement
    Young person is actively engaged in learning.
  27. Homework
    Young person reports doing at least one hour of homework every school day.
  28. Bonding to school
    Young person cares about her or his school.
  29. Reading for Pleasure
    Young person reads for pleasure three or more hours per week.
  30. Positive Values

  31. Caring
    Young person places high value on helping other people.
  32. Equality and social justice
    Young person places high value on promoting equality and reducing hunger and poverty.
  33. Integrity
    Young person acts on convictions and stands up for her or his beliefs.
  34. Honesty
    Young person “tells the truth even when it is not easy.”
  35. Responsibility
    Young person accepts and takes personal responsibility.
  36. Restraint
    Young person believes it is important not to be sexually active or to use alcohol or other drugs.
  37. Social Competencies

  38. Planning and decision making
    Young person knows how to plan ahead and make choices.
  39. Interpersonal Competence
    Young person has empathy, sensitivity, and friendship skills.
  40. Cultural Competence
    Young person has knowledge of and comfort with people of different cultural/racial/ethnic backgrounds.
  41. Resistance skills
    Young person can resist negative peer pressure and dangerous situations.
  42. Peaceful conflict resolution
    Young person seeks to resolve conflict nonviolently.
  43. Positive Identity

  44. Personal power
    Young person feels he or she has control over “things that happen to me.”
  45. Self-esteem
    Young person reports having a high self-esteem.
  46. Sense of purpose
    Young person reports that “my life has a purpose.”
  47. Positive view of personal future
    Young person is optimistic about her or his personal future.

The 40 Developmental Assets® may be reproduced for educational, noncommercial uses only. Copyright © 1997 Search Institute®, 615 First Avenue NE, Suite 125, Minneapolis, MN 55413; 800-888-7828; All rights reserved.